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Fighting Microbes with Microbes | The Scientist Magazine®

Like humans, with their complement of microbes that aid in everything from immune responses to nutrition, plants rely on a vast array of bacteria and fungi for health and defense. Over the last decade, research has revealed many new functional aspects of the crosstalk between human-associated microbes and human cells, but plant biologists are only beginning to scratch the surface of the often surprising ways that soil microbiota impact plants, from underground fungus-wired alarm systems to soil bacteria that can trigger defensive plant behavior or even act as a sort of vaccine. But despite these benefits, microbes are still primarily thought of as harbingers of disease……

Fighting Microbes with Microbes | The Scientist Magazine®.

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Beneficial Bacteria: 12 Ways Microbes Help The Environment | WebEcoist

Beneficial Bacteria: 12 Ways Microbes Help The Environment | WebEcoist.

Excellent Read !

 

 

Organic Solutions for Gardens and Plant Pests

Organic Solutions for Garden & Plant Pests

By Clifford Woods

Organic Solutions for Garden & Plant Pests

 

There is a balance in nature that can be tapped into if you want to keep your garden and plants at their best. And when you want to cultivate and maintain an organic garden and naturally healthy plants it is much easier to work with Mother Nature than against her.

Many organic solutions for garden and plant pests are available. Simple, easy to make remedies you can try making yourself and try them out.

 

 

Here is a list of some combination and single mixtures to help in the fight against pests.

  1. Diatomaceous Earth and Chile pepper: Grind up two handfuls of dry chilies into a very fine powder then mix this with 1 cup of Diatomaceous earth. Add to 2 liters of water and let set overnight. Shake well before using.
  2. Chrysanthemum Flower Tea: These flowers hold a powerful plant chemical component called Pyrethrum. This substance invades the nervous system of insects rendering them immobile. You can make your own spray by boiling 100 grams of dried flowers into 1 liter of water. Boil the dried flowers in water for twenty minutes. Strain, cool and place in a spray bottle. This mixture can be stored for up to two months.
  3. Tobacco: Take one cup of organic tobacco (preferably a tobacco that is natural) and mix it in one gallon of water. Leave overnight and after 24-hours it should have a light brown color. Add more water if it too dark. You can use this on most plants, except those belonging to the nightshade family of plants such potato, tomato, eggplant etc.
  4. Salt Spray: This is used on plants that have spider mites. You can mix 2 tablespoons of Himalayan Crystal Salt into one gallon of warm water and spray on infected areas.
  5. Orange Citrus Oil, Water and Soap: Mix together 3 tablespoons of liquid Organic Castile soap with 1 ounce of Orange oil to one gallon of water. Shake well. This is an especially efficient treatment against slugs and can be sprayed directly on ants and roaches also.
  6. Eucalyptus oil: A natural pesticide for flies, bees and wasps. Simply sprinkle a few drops of eucalyptus oil where the insects are found.
  7. Cayenne Pepper Mix or Citrus Oil: This is another excellent organic pesticide that controls ants. Mix 10 drops of citrus essential oil with one tsp. of cayenne pepper and 1 cup of warm water. Shake well and spray.
  8. Mineral oil: This organic pesticide works well for dehydrating insects and their eggs. Mix 10-30 ml of high-grade oil with one liter of water. Stir and add to spray bottle.
  9. Onion and Garlic Spray: Mince one organic clove of garlic and one medium sized organic onion. Add to 1 quart of water. Wait one hour and then add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper and one tablespoon of liquid soap to the mix. This organic spray will hold its potency for one week if stored in the refrigerator.
  10. Neem: A very powerful & natural pesticide and you can make your own Neem oil spray. Simply add 1/2 an ounce of organic Neem oil and ½ teaspoon of a mild organic liquid soap to 2 quarts of warm water. Slowly stir it up and then pour it into a spray bottle and use right away.
  11. Garlic Tea: Make your own garlic spray by boiling a pint of water, throw in roughly chopped garlic cloves and steep until the water is cool. Remove any garlic bits with cheesecloth and then pour into a spray bottle and use.
  12. Basil Tea: Bring 4 cups of water to a boil. Add 1-cup fresh basil. Remove from heat, cover and let cool. Then mix in 1 tsp. of liquid dish detergent. Pour into a spray bottle and use. Basil Tea is good for combating aphids.

Simple-Simple – for both garden and house plants: Mix 1 cup Sunlight dish soap and 1 tbs. of vegetable oil together and then store the liquid in a plastic air tight container. When you need to use it, take 2 teaspoons of this liquid and mix it with 1 quart of water in a spray bottle. Spray top and under the plants leaves and any new shoots and buds. When it is hot, repeat every third day – 3 applications over 7 days. In the cooler weather you only need to use it once a week for 3 weeks.

Organic Solutions for Garden & Plant PestsEmploying organic solutions for garden and plant pest control would go hand in hand with the soil being organic as well. If you have been using store bought chemical fertilizers and are trying to transition out of this method, be patient. Soil goes through both many changes with the transition from a chemical to organic fertilizer is made. It can take the soil quite a while to adjust. Plants can often go through a few stages of poor yields before producing at peak performance.

An easy transition and sure fire method is adding some Beneficial Microorganisms as they are naturally already in the soil. It is just a matter of populating the soil with these beneficial
microbes – they will do the rest.


Clifford Woods is the CEO of Effective Environmental Services and Organic Environmental Technology.
We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins and offer Environmentally Friendly Products.

Gardens, Soil and Beneficial Microorganisms

Gardens, Soil and Beneficial Microorganisms

By Clifford Woods

Microorganisms, microbes or bacteria make nutrients available in the soil for plants in a form that the plants then can use. Microbes create some of those nutrients, Mother Nature creates hers and we add the rest.

Some microbes consume nutrients and some microbes eat the microbes that have consumed the nutrients. This in turn breaks the nutrients down into a smaller form so they can be absorbed much more efficiently by the plant.

Gardens, Soil and Beneficial MicroorganismsMicrobes perform different jobs. Some defend against non-beneficial microbes and this helps keep the plant’s natural defence system at it’s best. Some microbes can also convert nitrogen gas in the air into a form that the plants can use.

Microorganisms release different types of proteins, acids, enzymes and other essential elements. These elements help to break down trace minerals, micro and macro-nutrients and make it available as food for the plant. What happens is an extreme increase in root mass, which in turn increases the nutrient intake that creates bigger yields. Enzymes and anti-microbial substances are particularly crucial in plants.

Beneficial microorganisms can also help condition and aerate soil, and create a better drainage system. Some beneficial microorganisms also have the ability to break down toxins in the soil or soil-less mix and turn it into plant food, air and water. They also covert calcium and phosphate into something that plants can actually use.

A good rule of thumb as to which microorganism is beneficial and which is not is the harmful or pathogenic microorganisms cause putrefaction and beneficial microorganisms cause fermentation.

Types of Beneficial Microorganisms:

  • Lactic acid: make lactic acid from sugars or other carbohydrates. This is an important by-product because it can act as a strong fertilizer. It will control or push down non-beneficial or harmful microbes as well as cause rapid decomposition of organic matter and ferments organic matter without the smell and other harmful outcomes.
  • Photosynthetic: these take harmful products like hydrogen sulfide and make them into useful substances. With the help of sunlight, secretions from organic matter can also be made into amino acids, nucleic acids, and bioactive substances. These aid tremendously in the growth of a plant and it’s development. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins. Synthesis of new protein is what Nucleic acids are responsible for and this allows the characteristics of an organism to transfer from one generation to another. Bioactive substances are important in the regulation of the function of both plants and animals, which include hormones, enzymes, and neurotransmitters, among others.
  • Fermenting fungi: these groups of microorganisms suppress bad odors and prevent plant infestation by harmful insects and maggots. They also decompose organic matter rapidly to produce alcohol, esters and anti-microbial substances.
  • Yeasts: these create a better root system and helps with the absorption of more water and nutrients from the soil. This will in turn speed up plant growth, producing more and wider leaves so the plant will produce starch. Plants use glucose as energy; but starch can be stored more efficiently and for longer periods of time.Plants use the sun for energy so at night the plants convert the stored starch back to glucose to provide the basic energy needed to maintain basic cellular functions.

If you want to keep the populations of beneficial microorganisms healthy here is what you don’t do.

  1. Do not use chemical fertilizers: fertilizers are made up of salts, and salts suck the water out of the microbes, which will either kill them or cause them to go into a dormant state.
  2. Do not use hydrogen peroxide (H2O2): H2O2 adds oxygen to water, lowers algae levels and can help suppress diseases within plants. It helps sterilize water and the growing medium to kill harmful microorganisms, but it will also kill the beneficial microorganisms. Not good.
  3. Do not use chemical pesticides: these get sprayed onto leaves to kill harmful insects, but they also kill the beneficial microbes that are present on the leaves. The pesticides then drip off the leaves and into the soil and again, kill any beneficial microbes present in that soil or soil-less mix.
  4. Don’t walk on the soil or compact it: over-tilling and compaction can kill some beneficial microbe populations since some microbes need air to survive. Worms can do the work of turning it in for you.

Do add at least an inch of organic compost a year:  this will replenish the nutrients that the plants have used that season and handle pests with natural and organic remedies.

Beneficial microorganisms bring back the lost properties of the soil and are commonly used in natural farming and organic gardens.


Clifford Woods is the CEO of Effective Environmental Services and Organic Environmental Technology.
We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins and offer Environmentally Friendly Products.

Gardening Organically – Your Best Gift to the Environment

Gardening Organically – Your Best Gift to the Environment

By Clifford Woods

Organic gardening, unlike what majority of people perceive, is quite simple. What it means is not introducing chemicals or synthetic products like fertilizers and pesticides into your garden. Yep, that’s it. It is that simple and most people who have pets and kids, perhaps already garden this way, simply to keep their family safe.

If you are ready to have your own organic garden or are new to gardening organically, you will be amazed to see how some really simple techniques can help you raise a bright and colorful garden that will be lively and beautiful all year long. The best way that you can start even before you till the soil in your garden is by generating your own organic compost.

Gardening OrganicallyYou may buy a composting container for that purpose, especially if you live in a place with limited space or if you are worried about the smells that might come from the heap. Organic compost can be considered as one of the prime requisites of organic gardening.

Some of the best things that you can feed your compost with are things like grass clippings straight from your lawn and dried leaves from trees around your neighborhood or in your own yard.

 

You can also use kitchen scraps, but stay away from meat, milk, and yogurt, because they will give off an awful stink and also could attract animals if you live in an area that is known for garbage eating animals.

Once you have your own organic garden thought out and have your compost all ready and waiting, you can get started. You might not realize, but the environment gains a lot with these organic gardens. You can till the soil in your garden and mix your compost into the dirt, which will give you a fantastic base in which to start growing your organic garden. This can be any kind of garden that you want it to be, populated with flowers, bright plants, trees and even food for your family.

Some people might be concerned about how to get rid of pests that come to the garden without using chemicals, but it’s really simple if you know what you are doing.

You can get organic pesticides, but if you really want to keep it even simpler, without any extra sprays, then the first thing is to keep your plants as healthy as you can.

Pests are usually only interested in sick and decaying plants and not the healthy fresh plants. Therefore, if you really want to keep the bugs away then keep your plants as healthy as you can get them. Also, you can introduce things like ladybugs into your organic gardens, as they do minimal damage on their own and they love to eat specific types of pests off your plants.

If you are careful about gardening organically and really pay attention to what is going on in your garden, then you can really stave off the pets and sickness that might plague your garden.

Don’t become discouraged if you do get sick plants or bugs in your garden; there is always help out there. You just need to know where to look; a search on the Internet is a great place to start.

You will be able to keep a wonderful garden that not only appeases your aesthetic sense, but it is your best gift to the environment.


Author: Clifford Woods is the CEO of Effective Environmental Services and Organic Environmental Technology.

Find out more about Organic Garden Products

We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins and offer Environmentally Friendly Products.

Natural and Organic Gardens

Natural and Organic Gardens

By Clifford Woods

The use of purely organic products and materials is something that seems to have gone in and out of fashion over the course of time, though is once again heading for a peak. There was a time when organic gardens were in fact the only kinds of garden in the world, as mankind hadn’t yet come up with the endless array of chemicals and synthetic compounds we know today.

Once these chemicals made an appearance however, this apparent means by which to use a fast and easy quick-fix solution saw fully natural and organic gardens decline and pesticide/herbicide use sky-rocket.Natural and Organic Gardens

An Awakening: Now however we know that overuse, or indeed any use of these chemical products can be hugely detrimental to health and to the environment as a whole, which has seen interest once again spike not just in gardens, but in natural gardens of a 100% organic nature.

That being said, there are still thousands of households across every town and village that are yet to realize that this modern way of learning from the past, thereby making it necessary to occasionally remind ourselves as to what makes organic gardens a vastly superior choice.

Natural and Organic Gardens:

Right off the bat, feeding and treating plants, flowers, fruit and vegetables with 100% natural and organic products is to treat them exactly as Mother Nature intended. Given the obvious fact that no human being knows as much about nature as nature itself, common sense would dictate that organic gardens tended to in such a way will display the kind of health and prowess their chemical-treated counterpart gardens simply cannot come close to.

Taste: An extension of the above, it is also no secret why organic products sourced from natural gardens are always significantly more expensive than standard variants in the supermarkets they are superior in every way. From size to taste to texture to vitamin content and so on, natural and organically grown fruits and vegetables are beyond compare.

Costs:  Any household can begin making its own organic compost of the finest quality with the waste matter is generates every day, so why on Earth would it make sense to visit a store and shell out good money for something inferior? The idea is preposterous and makes no sense whatsoever yet that is exactly what the majority across the US and beyond are still doing even to this day.

Safety: Another considerable benefit of natural gardens is the way in which they are also naturally healthy gardens for human beings and animals alike. As such, if intending to have kids and pets playing or spending time in the gardens at any time, it really isn’t worth taking chances on their health and safety by using harmful chemicals.

Environment: Rounding off, everything that gets liberally sprayed or sprinkled on any part of the garden will eventually be reclaimed and find its way back into the Earth, so take second to think how much damage those millions of liters of chemicals are doing to the planet every year.

If this doesn’t tell you immediately why you should be favoring organic gardens alone, it really should.

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Clifford Woods is the CEO of Effective Environmental Services and Organic Environmental Technology.

Find out more about Organic Lawn & Garden

We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins and offer Environmentally Friendly products

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