Like humans, with their complement of microbes that aid in everything from immune responses to nutrition, plants rely on a vast array of bacteria and fungi for health and defense. Over the last decade, research has revealed many new functional aspects of the crosstalk between human-associated microbes and human cells, but plant biologists are only beginning to scratch the surface of the often surprising ways that soil microbiota impact plants, from underground fungus-wired alarm systems to soil bacteria that can trigger defensive plant behavior or even act as a sort of vaccine. But despite these benefits, microbes are still primarily thought of as harbingers of disease……
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Gardens, Soil and Beneficial Microorganisms
By Clifford Woods
Microorganisms, microbes or bacteria make nutrients available in the soil for plants in a form that the plants then can use. Microbes create some of those nutrients, Mother Nature creates hers and we add the rest.
Some microbes consume nutrients and some microbes eat the microbes that have consumed the nutrients. This in turn breaks the nutrients down into a smaller form so they can be absorbed much more efficiently by the plant.
Microbes perform different jobs. Some defend against non-beneficial microbes and this helps keep the plant’s natural defence system at it’s best. Some microbes can also convert nitrogen gas in the air into a form that the plants can use.
Microorganisms release different types of proteins, acids, enzymes and other essential elements. These elements help to break down trace minerals, micro and macro-nutrients and make it available as food for the plant. What happens is an extreme increase in root mass, which in turn increases the nutrient intake that creates bigger yields. Enzymes and anti-microbial substances are particularly crucial in plants.
Beneficial microorganisms can also help condition and aerate soil, and create a better drainage system. Some beneficial microorganisms also have the ability to break down toxins in the soil or soil-less mix and turn it into plant food, air and water. They also covert calcium and phosphate into something that plants can actually use.
A good rule of thumb as to which microorganism is beneficial and which is not is the harmful or pathogenic microorganisms cause putrefaction and beneficial microorganisms cause fermentation.
Types of Beneficial Microorganisms:
- Lactic acid: make lactic acid from sugars or other carbohydrates. This is an important by-product because it can act as a strong fertilizer. It will control or push down non-beneficial or harmful microbes as well as cause rapid decomposition of organic matter and ferments organic matter without the smell and other harmful outcomes.
- Photosynthetic: these take harmful products like hydrogen sulfide and make them into useful substances. With the help of sunlight, secretions from organic matter can also be made into amino acids, nucleic acids, and bioactive substances. These aid tremendously in the growth of a plant and it’s development. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins. Synthesis of new protein is what Nucleic acids are responsible for and this allows the characteristics of an organism to transfer from one generation to another. Bioactive substances are important in the regulation of the function of both plants and animals, which include hormones, enzymes, and neurotransmitters, among others.
- Fermenting fungi: these groups of microorganisms suppress bad odors and prevent plant infestation by harmful insects and maggots. They also decompose organic matter rapidly to produce alcohol, esters and anti-microbial substances.
- Yeasts: these create a better root system and helps with the absorption of more water and nutrients from the soil. This will in turn speed up plant growth, producing more and wider leaves so the plant will produce starch. Plants use glucose as energy; but starch can be stored more efficiently and for longer periods of time.Plants use the sun for energy so at night the plants convert the stored starch back to glucose to provide the basic energy needed to maintain basic cellular functions.
If you want to keep the populations of beneficial microorganisms healthy here is what you don’t do.
- Do not use chemical fertilizers: fertilizers are made up of salts, and salts suck the water out of the microbes, which will either kill them or cause them to go into a dormant state.
- Do not use hydrogen peroxide (H2O2): H2O2 adds oxygen to water, lowers algae levels and can help suppress diseases within plants. It helps sterilize water and the growing medium to kill harmful microorganisms, but it will also kill the beneficial microorganisms. Not good.
- Do not use chemical pesticides: these get sprayed onto leaves to kill harmful insects, but they also kill the beneficial microbes that are present on the leaves. The pesticides then drip off the leaves and into the soil and again, kill any beneficial microbes present in that soil or soil-less mix.
- Don’t walk on the soil or compact it: over-tilling and compaction can kill some beneficial microbe populations since some microbes need air to survive. Worms can do the work of turning it in for you.
Do add at least an inch of organic compost a year: this will replenish the nutrients that the plants have used that season and handle pests with natural and organic remedies.
Beneficial microorganisms bring back the lost properties of the soil and are commonly used in natural farming and organic gardens.
Clifford Woods is the CEO of Effective Environmental Services and Organic Environmental Technology.
We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins and offer Environmentally Friendly Products.
The technology on effective microorganisms is a mixture of beneficial bacteria and yeast. The top soil can be improved by the addition of these foreign substances. It has proved to be an impressive option all over the world. The know-how can be applied in human health, agriculture sector, livestock rearing and industrial waste treatment.
The phone number for Effective Environmental Services has changed to 818 897 4444
Saving The Environment Through Natural Organic Solutions
By Clifford Woods
It has been a great achievement over the years, to see people embrace new solutions which are meant to conserve the planet we live on. This is quite encouraging mostly with the use of natural organic products which are environmental friendly like those that can decompose. Soil, water, air, animals and human beings, make up the environment which need to be maintained in a good shape to ensure that we all enjoy the life and continue to find enough to live on.
The water is quite crucial in our daily lives as well as the soil. This has seen the need to use manure in the process of farming which is quite compatible with the living organisms which live there, unlike harmful chemicals. This is because the chemicals used will often have an adverse effect on the water which people may be drinking downstream. Therefore, even in controlling the pests on a farm, it is good to control them creatively and naturally; like through use of wood ash.
Driving has become quite common and this has led to excessive production of harmful gases in the environment. This has brought on board the use of unleaded fuel which will produce less poisonous gases. This has helped to keep the ozone layer safe and thus no ultra-violet rays coming through to earth.
Power production is yet another area where there is need for people to be aware of needed improvements. This is because scientists have already discovered means of producing energy through friendly ways like the use of solar gadgets. The type of power is quite simple and supplies a lot of energy without a huge bill as well. Through this, the production of electricity generated in a certain area will reduce and thus curb the risk of gases being released into the air. It is quite important for a person to use the public transportation as much as possible instead of always driving a personal car. Harmful gasses are thus reduced as a number of people are using one single vehicle like a bus. Use of a train is also quite helpful as it uses electricity which poses a lesser risk to the environment than fuel.
Natural organic solutions for cleaning has been discovered and thus people are in an advantageous position of being able to use less harmful products. This is in the case of natural organic products which are manufactured with the idea of conserving water or important microorganisms they may come into contact with when being used. Some herbs are also used to clean surfaces and these can kill harmful organisms like bacteria.
The awareness of the need to use power in a manner that does not lead to wastage is on the rise. This is where people are informed on the various power-saving ways like switching off bulbs which are not in use or fluorescent tubes which save on energy usage.
Recycling is another great idea which has come into its own and is getting a lot of positive attention, all in the direction of saving the environment. When papers, plastic bottles and other household items like plates are reused, we all save a lot of resources.
Saving the environment through natural organic solutions
should be given much more attention by one and all. We all live on this planet and the better we take care of it, the better our children and our grand children’s lives will be.
Clifford Woods is the CEO of Organic Environmental Technology.
You can find out more about Natural Organic Products at www.effens.com
We brew Beneficial Microorganisms that eat toxins in the environment and sell Environmentally Friendly products